The growing urban population in recent years and the pollution of water streams on the one hand, and the deepened concern of the public about sanitation and public health on the other boosted the use of bottled mineral water and home water purifiers.
Considering the vital role of water to human wellbeing, purification of tap water to provide a healthy, pure, and high-quality water supply is a critical move toward sanitation. Today, many have turned to water purifiers or bottled mineral water to enjoy a healthy, light, drinking water in their homes and offices. Further purifying the chlorinated tap water at home is increasingly emphasized to promote wellbeing and improve organ functions and prevent kidney and urinary tract diseases.
Overall, mineral water contains such minerals as calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium, that produce a better taste than tap water. The standard, regulated, and accepted methods of mineral water disinfection and purification involve filtration and ozone and infra-red disinfection instead of chlorination.
Now, let’s review the positive and negative effects of drinking mineral water or using water purifiers in households:
- The human body is incapable of absorbing the additional minerals in the mineral water, including sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium, over-consumption of which may cause such diseases as kidney stone and blood pressure. As a result, the over-consumption of mineral water is not recommended for those who suffer from blood pressure. But, are all mineral waters produced using membrane filters?
- Water purifiers rely on reverse osmosis filters, the same filter that must be used by standard mineral water producers.
- In an attempt to preserve the quality of the bottled water for a long time, the manufacturers use preservatives such as fluoride, which is a dangerous chemical to consume steadily.
- It is said that the constant exposure of the plastic mineral water bottles to sunlight promotes the formation of dangerous carcinogens and that freezing also degrades the quality of the bottled water.
- Handling and storing water bottles requires much effort, as well as energy, time, and resources in comparison with water purifiers .
- Further, differently-sized disposable plastic containers used as bottles are mass-produced in large quantities and serve no use after being opened and used, leaving a significant environmental impact as they are not biodegradable and remain in the environment for hundreds of years as pollutants, complicating the numerous environmental issues facing the planet.
- Considering what was discussed as regards the drawbacks of constant use of bottled mineral water on the one hand, and the price of a home water purifier in comparison with the steady use of bottled water on the other, the water purifier seems to be the better choice in both the household and the office to enjoy a light, healthy cup of water.